Industry is based mainly on agricultural and pastoral raw materials. Most important is the cotton textile industry. The country also produces rayon and acetate fibers. Other industrial products are cement, sugar, vegetable oil, furniture, soap, shoes, and woolen textiles. A nitrogenous fertilizer plant, based on natural gas, has been constructed in Mazar-e Sharif, and phosphate fertilizers are also produced. In addition, Afghanistan has a number of traditional handicrafts, which account for a fair proportion of the country's export earnings.


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