ruling family in Afghanistan in the 19th and 20th centuries. The Barakzay
brothers seized control of Afghanistan and in 1826 divided the region
between them. Dost
Mohammad Khan gained preeminence and founded the dynasty about
1837. Thereafter his descendants ruled in direct succession until
1929, when the reigning monarch abdicated and his cousin Mohammad Nader
Khan was elected king.
Nader Khan, on his assassination in 1933, was succeeded by his
Shah, who reigned until July 17, 1973, when he was deposed and
a republic was proclaimed. The Barakzay rulers, in chronological
order, were Dost Mohammad Khan, Shir 'Ali Khan, Ya'qub Khan, 'Abdul
Rahman Khan, Habibollah Khan, 'Amanollah Khan, Mohammad Nader Khan,
and Mohammad Zahir Shah.
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